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Burshane LPG (Pakistan) Limited

Material Safety Data Sheet msds

  1. Identification of the Substance / Preparation and Company
  2. Composition / Information on Ingredients
  3. Hazards Identification
  4. First Aid Measures
  5. Fire Fighting Measures
  6. Accidental Release Measures
  7. Handling and Storage
  8. Exposures Controls/Personal Protection
  9. Physical and Chemical Properties
  10. Stability/Reactivity
  11. Toxicological Information
  12. Ecological Information
  13. Disposal Considerations
  14. Transport Information
  15. Other Information


Product name: Burshane LPG (Commercial Butane & Propane Mixture)
Product type: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)
Recommended uses: LPG is used as a domestic, commercial, industrial and automotive fuel, a feedstock in chemical processes and as propellant in pressurized aerosol containers. If BPL Commercial Butane & Propane Mixture is used for other purposes, please contact the supplier as listed below.
Known misuses / abuses: Sniffing from aerosols, lighter refills and cylinders by young people.
Supplier: BURSHANE LPG (Pakistan) Limited
Address: Suite # 101, First Floor, Horizon Vista, Plot No. Commercial –10, Block-4 , Scheme No. 5, Clifton, Karachi-75600.
Telephone: +21 35878356, 35309870
Fax: +91 21 35878353
Document Issue Date: August 2012


Synonyms: Liquefied Petroleum Gas, LPG
Preparation description: Complex mixture of hydrocarbons consisting predominantly of propane, propylene (C3), butanes, butenes (C4) plus some C5 and higher hydrocarbons. Low concentrations of sulphur, hydrogen sulphide and mercaptans may be present. It may also contain one or more of the following additives: odourants (usually ethyl mercaptan), anti-icing agents. 1,3-butadiene, classified as a Category 1 carcinogen and a Category 2 mutagen, may be present at a concentration of less than 0.1 %(m/m).


EU classification: Extremely Flammable
Human health hazards: Exposure to high vapour concentrations can lead to nausea, headache, dizziness, and in extreme cases, loss of consciousness and death in oxygen deficient environments. Prolonged exposure to vapour may affect the central nervous system. Contact with liquid LPG can cause cold burns.
Safety hazards: Extremely flammable liquefied gas, readily explodes in the presence of source of ignition or flame impingement on containers. The vapour is heavier than air, spreads along the ground and distant ignition is possible.
Environmental hazards: No specific hazards under normal use conditions. Liquefied Petroleum Gases are very volatile liquids, which on loss of containment will react rapidly with hydroxyl radicals and ozone.


Symptoms and effects: Liquid may cause skin and eye burns. Prolonged exposure to vapour concentrations above the recommended occupational exposure standard may cause headache, dizziness, weakness, nausea, confusion, blurred vision, asphyxiation, cardiac irregularities, unconsciousness & even death.
Protection of first aiders: Take appropriate steps to avoid fire, explosion and inhalation hazards.
Inhalation: Remove the affected person to fresh air. Keep warm and at rest. If the casualty is stupor, some physical restraint may be necessary to prevent injury. If breathing but unconscious, place in the recovery position. If breathing has stopped, apply artificial respiration. If heartbeats absent, give external cardiac compression.) Monitor breathing and pulse. OBTAIN MEDICAL ATTENTION IMMEDIATELY.
Contact with Skin: Drench affected parts with water to normalize temperature. Remove contaminated clothing, rings, watches, etc., if possible, but do not attempt to do so if they are adhering to the skin. Do not attempt to reheat the affected parts rapidly – reheat slowly. Cover with a sterile dressing. Do not apply ointments or powders. Note that contaminated clothing may be a fire hazard. Contaminated clothing should be soaked with water before being removed. It must be laundered before reuse.
Eyes: DO NOT DELAY. Flush eye with copious quantities of water to normalize temperature. Cover eye with a sterile dressing. OBTAIN MEDICAL ATTENTION IMMEDIATELY.
Ingestion: In the unlikely event of ingestion, obtain medical attention immediately.
Advice to physicians: Treat symptomatically.


Specific hazards: Hazardous combustion products may include: carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, oxides of sulphur, unburnt hydrocarbons. The vapour is heavier than air, spreads along the ground and distant ignition is possible. Sustained fire attack on vessels may result in a Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapour Explosion (BLEVE).
Extinguishing media: Shut off supply. If not possible and there is no risk to surroundings, let the fire burn itself out. Properly trained fire fighters should only fight large fires. Dry chemical powder, carbon dioxide may be used for small fires. Water fog should be used to assist the approach to the source of the fire.
Unsuitable extinguishing media: Water in a jet. Use of halon extinguishers should be avoided for environmental reasons.
Other information: Keep adjacent containers cool by spraying with water. All storage areas should be provided with adequate fire fighting facilities. Large storage should be equipped with purpose designed water sprays.


Personal precautions: Vapour can travel along the ground for considerable distances. Remove all possible sources of ignition in the surrounding area and evacuate all personnel. Shut off leaks, if possible without personal risk. Do not enter confined spaces. Ventilate contaminated area thoroughly. Do not breathe: vapour. Avoid contact with: skin, eyes and clothing. Take off immediately all contaminated clothing – but do not attempt to do so if clothing is adhering to the skin. Contaminated clothing may be a fire hazard and therefore should be soaked with water before being removed.
Personal protection: Wear: monogoggles, chrome leather, neoprene or nitrile rubber gloves, safety shoes or boots.
Environmental precautions: No specific measures.
Clean-up methods – small spillage: Allow evaporating. Do not disperse liquid using water.
Other information: Test atmosphere for vapours to ensure safe working conditions before personnel are allowed into the area. Local authorities should be advised if significant spillages couldn’t be contained. Observe all relevant local regulations.


Handling: This product is intended for use in closed systems only. Do not use in confined areas. When handling, do not eat, drink or smoke. Do not breathe vapour. Sources of ignition must be used sensibly where liquefied petroleum gases are being used in properly designed equipment. Take precautionary measures against static discharges. Use cylinders in the upright position only unless specially designed for use in other orientations.
Storage: Store only in purpose-designed, appropriately labelled pressure vessels or cylinders. Store outdoors or in adequately ventilated storerooms. Locate pressure vessels or cylinders away from heat and other sources of ignition. Do not store in the vicinity of cylinders containing compressed oxygen or other strong oxidisers. All storage areas should be provided with adequate fire fighting facilities. Keep out of reach of children.
Specific uses: Fuel for use in suitably designed domestic and industrial combustion equipment (e.g. heating, drying), domestic and commercial cooking appliances. Also used as an aerosol propellant and a feedstock for the petrochemical industry. This product must not be used in applications other than the above without first seeking the advice of the supplier.
Product transfer: Electrostatic charges may be generated during pumping. Ensure electrical continuity by bonding all equipment. Avoid contact with equipment in view of the risk of cold burns. Do not use compressed air for filling, discharging or handling.
Tank cleaning: Cleaning, inspection and maintenance of storage tanks is a specialist operation, which requires the implementation of strict procedures and precautions. These include issuing of work permits, gas-freeing of tanks, using a manned harness and lifelines and wearing air-supplied breathing apparatus. Prior to entry and whilst cleaning is underway, the atmosphere within the tank must be monitored using an oxygen meter and/or explosimeter.
Recommended materials: For containers, use mild steel. For seals and gaskets, use compressed asbestos fibre or other materials specifically approved for use with this product. Spirally wound metal gaskets are also suitable.
Unsuitable materials: With respect to metals, aluminium should not be used if there is a risk of caustic contamination of the product. Certain forms of cast iron are unsuitable. With respect to non-metallic materials, natural rubbers must not be used. Nitrile rubbers and certain plastics may also be unsuitable, depending on the material specification and intended use.
Other information: Ensure that all local regulations regarding handling and storage facilities are followed. Where large quantities of liquefied petroleum gas are stored, emergency and disaster plans must be developed in conjunction with local authorities.


Engineering control measures: Use only in well ventilated areas. Provide adequate ventilation in storage areas.
Occupational exposure controls: ACGIH threshold limit values are given below. Lower exposure limits may apply locally.
Component Name :
Hydrogen sulphide
Hydrogen sulphide
Ethyl mercaptan
Limit Type Value Unit Other Info
TWA 2500 ppm
TWA 800 ppm
TWA 2 ppm
TWA 10 ppm
STEL 15 ppm
TWA 0.5 ppm
ACIGH – “Threshold Limit Value for Chemical Substances & Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indicies”.
Respiratory protection: Not normally required. Inhalation of LPG vapours should be minimised. If there is a risk of exposure to high vapour concentrations, respiratory protection / breathing apparatus should be worn.
Hand protection: Wear neoprene or nitrile rubber gloves or chrome leather. Gloves must maintain flexibility down to the atmospheric boiling point of this product. It may be necessary to increase frequency of changing gloves if immersion or prolonged contact is likely
Eye protection: If splashes are likely to occur, wear goggles or full-face visors.
Body protection: Protective footwear should be worn when handling cylinders. If splashes are likely to occur, wear long-sleeved overalls made of cotton (100%) or other natural fibres.
Environmental exposure controls: No specific measures. Because of its high volatility, LPG is unlikely to cause ground or water pollution.
Other information: PPE should be certified according to National/Shell standards.


Physical state: Liquefied gas
Colour: Colourless
Odour: Distinctive and unpleasant pungent smell.
Boiling point: -42°C to -1°C
Vapour pressure: 16.9 Kg/cm2 (max.) at 65°C
Density: 0.550 to 0.570 kg/Litre at 15°C
Vapour density (air=1): 1.85 to 2 at 15°C
Flash point: -40°C
Flammability limit – lower: 1.8 %(V/V)
Flammability limit – upper: 10.10 %(V/V)
Auto-ignition temperature: > 410°c
Explosive properties: In use, may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture
Oxidizing properties: Not applicable
Solubility in water: Insoluble
Liquid to Vapour 1 : 250
Expansion Ratio Toxicity Other information Generally known to be non toxic


Stability: Stable.
Conditions to avoid: Heat, flames and sparks.
Materials to avoid: Strong oxidizing agents.
Hazardous decomposition products: The substances arising from the thermal decomposition of these products will largely depend upon the conditions bringing about decomposition. The following substances may be expected from normal combustion: carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, unburnt hydrocarbons, unidentified organic and inorganic compounds, particulate matter, nitrogen oxides.


Acute toxicity – inhalation: >5 mg/l (Gas).
Eye irritation: Not irritating. Liquid causes cold burns
Skin irritation: Not irritating. Liquid causes cold burns
Respiratory irritation: Not irritating (Gas).
Skin sensitization: Not expected to be a skin sensitizer.
Carcinogenicity: This product has not been evaluated in long-term chronic exposure tests. May contain 1, 3-butadiene, classified as a Category 1 carcinogen, at a concentration of less than 0.1% (m/m). Other components are not known to be associated with carcinogenic effects.


Mobility: Evaporates extremely rapidly from water or soil surfaces. Disperses rapidly in air.
Persistence/degradability: Oxidizes rapidly by photochemical reactions in air.
Bioaccumulative potential: Does not bio accumulate.
Other information: In view of the high rate of loss from solution, the product is unlikely to pose a significant hazard to aquatic life.


Precautions: See Section 8.
Product disposal: Given the nature and uses of this product, the need for disposal seldom arises. If necessary, dispose by controlled combustion in purpose-designed equipment. If this is not possible, contact the supplier.
Container disposal: Return part-used or empty cylinders to the supplier.


UN Number: 1965
UN Class/Packing Group: 2.1, Packing Group not applicable
UN Proper Shipping Name: Hydrocarbon Gas Mixture, Liquefied petroleum Gases
UN Number (sea transport, IMO): 1965
IMO Class/Packing Group: 2.1, Packing Group not applicable
IMO Symbol: Flammable Gas
IMO Marine Pollutant: No
IMO Proper Shipping Name: Hydrocarbon Gas Mixture, Liquefied, n.o.s. (Butane Mixture)
Other information: Transport of this product on Public transport like buses and trains is forbidden.


Recommended restrictions on use:Abuse involving repeated and prolonged exposures to high concentrations of vapour (‘sniffing’) may cause death by either asphyxiation or cardiac arrest. Abuse involving direct ingestion of the liquefied gas may cause death by freezing the larynx and causing the lungs to fill with fluid – an effect similar to drowning.
Technical contact point:Amir Aziz
Technical contact number:+92 300 2009715
Telephone:+21 35878356, 35309870
IMO Class/Packing Group:2.1, Packing Group not applicable
IMO Symbol:Flammable Gas
Fax:+91 21 35878353